Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi agreed to meet in Moscow with Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to discuss the problem of the Renaissance Dam. Al-Sisi made this statement on Sunday at a symposium in Cairo.
“We agreed with the Prime Minister of Ethiopia to meet in Moscow and discuss the problem of the Renaissance dam,” he said. According to the president, a solution to the problem “must be found.”
Relations between Cairo and Addis Ababa are experiencing another crisis due to the construction of a high dam by Ethiopia. In particular, countries cannot agree on the timing and volume of dam reservoirs – Addis Ababa rejects the Egyptian plan, considering it a potential violation of its sovereignty.
Meanwhile, as al-Sisi said, “Egypt is at the level of poverty in terms of water due to population growth.”
“The Egyptian government has been implementing a comprehensive water supply plan since 2014: 200 billion Egyptian pounds (more than $ 12 billion) were spent on recycling water through modern triple treatment plants so that we can use the water more than once,” he explained. many areas, such as El Alamein, Galyala, Sokhna, Hurghada and Matruh, to provide coastal cities with desalinated sea water. ”
The construction of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, consisting of 15 radial-axial hydraulic units, began in 2011. According to the project, the capacity of the hydroelectric station, which will be a cascade of four dams, will be 5250 MW. In Addis Ababa, the construction of a hydroelectric power station is considered as giant an economic project that will allow not only to generate electricity for domestic consumption, but also to export it to neighboring countries – Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan.
The implementation of the project provoked a serious conflict between Addis Ababa and Cairo, which fears that the construction of the dam will inevitably lead to a reduction in the water quota of Egypt, which he receives from the Nile, being in the lowest reaches of the river, lowering the level of the river and, as a result, even drought . Cairo insists on the need to maintain the old quota for the distribution of Nile resources, which is 55.5 billion cubic meters, and the adoption of the Egyptian version of the agreement. The next round of talks in Sudan at the beginning of October on the dam came to a standstill, and now Egypt is seeking the involvement of international mediators in the negotiation process, but Ethiopia rejects this scenario.
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