External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar

India Gears up to be UNSC Non-Permanent Member with ‘Five S’ Approach


Ahead of the vote for the position of a non-permanent member at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the next term, India launched its priorities for its candidature for the elections – scheduled to take place on June 17.

Aiming to become a UNSC non-permanent member for the eighth time, India is standing unopposed for the Asia-Pacific seat in the category.

Launching India’s priorities for its UNSC non-permanent member candidature, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar last week highlighted the four challenges that are looming upon international peace and security, which included the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic that has triggered grave health and economic repercussions across the world. Among other challenges, he spoke about traditional and non-traditional security challenges, such as terrorism, that continue to grow unchecked, and global institutions that are unreformed and under-representative. Another challenge he stressed upon is the increasing strain on the normal process of international governance.

Responding to the issues that are constituting major geopolitical impacts across the world order, the Foreign Affairs Minister underlined India’s ‘Five S’ approach to the world from its Security Council position. The ‘Five S’approach includes: Samman (respect), Samvad (dialogue), Sahayog (cooperation), Shanti (peace), and Samriddhi (prosperity).

“India can play a positive global role in this extraordinary situation. We have always been a voice of reason and a votary of international law. We advocate dialogue, consultation, and fairness in our approach to global issues. And we emphasize global development, addressing climate change and eradicating poverty as central to the planet’s future,” the statement added.

He further stated that with the ‘Five S’ approach, the country seeks to move toward a ‘New Orientation for a Reformed Multilateral System’ or NORMS.

From reforming multilateralism to an effective response to international terrorism, Jaishankar spoke about India’s priorities for the UNSC seat. He also highlighted the need for a comprehensive approach to peace and security, guided by dialogue, mutual respect, commitment to international law. Amid the global health crisis, he added that India will help developing countries to obtain the necessary support to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, there will be more focus on development and greater involvement of women and youth in shaping a new paradigm

“As a rule-abiding democracy and a positive contributor to the security of global commons, India will enhance transparency, credibility, representation and finally effectiveness of the Council, thereby promoting its institutional reform,” he concluded.

Notedly, the UNSC consists of five permanent members (China, US, UK, France, and Russia) and 10 non-permanent members. Previously, India held the position of a non-permanent member at UNSC in 2011-12. Once elected, India will be the UNSC non-permanent member for a period of two years, starting from January 2021.

Recently, Australia extended its support India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat at the UNSC for the 2021-22 term during a virtual summit between PM Modi and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison jointly.

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