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Iran again will violate nuclear deal obligations

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Iran will begin the implementation of a new phase of reducing its nuclear program obligations on November 6 with the launch of centrifuges at the facility in Fordo.  This was announced on Tuesday by President Hassan Rouhani.

“Iran will begin the fourth step tomorrow to reduce its nuclear deal obligations,” said the Iranian president.  He added that “a new phase will begin with the injection of gas into centrifuges in Fordo.”

At the same time, Rouhani said that he “gives the parties to the agreement two more months to return to the agreement” on the Iranian nuclear program.  “All of Iran’s actions to reduce obligations under the nuclear deal remain reversible,” he stressed.

According to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), concluded in 2015, Iran should modernize its stable isotope production facility in Fordo under the supervision of international observers.  It is assumed that the reconstruction would exclude the possibility of using this facility for military purposes.

The future of the Iranian nuclear deal came into question after the United States unilaterally quit it on May 8, 2018 and Washington imposed sanctions against Tehran in the field of oil exports.  According to the Iranian side, the rest of the participants, primarily Europeans, do not fully adhere to their obligations in the economic part of the agreement, so the deal in its current form does not make sense.

In May 2019, Iran announced the first phase of the suspension of part of its nuclear deal obligations (60-day suspension of enriched uranium sales).  In July, Tehran proceeded to the second phase of the suspension (announced that it would enrich uranium over 3.67%) and promised to reduce obligations every 60 days if other participants did not adhere to the agreements reached.

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