On Monday, June 17, Iran warned European countries that if US sanctions are not relaxed in the near future, after 10 days, Tehran is going to violate the conditions of the UIPP (Joint Comprehensive Action Plan), which was achieved in 2015 as part of international attempts to resolve the crisis related to Tehran’s nuclear program.
Reportedly, a representative of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI), Behrouz Kamalvandi, said that on June 27, the country would exceed the limit of low-enriched uranium reserves set by the UHFMD. Tehran also threatened to exceed the enrichment level of uranium by 3.67%, envisaged by the transaction, to prevent the production of “military materials.”
“This is a big test for Europe. It’s worse for them that the United States makes decisions for them. Meetings and summits will not be enough. As soon as they take effective measures, we will return to the fulfillment of the previously agreed obligations,” Kamalvandi said.
Tehran’s statements reinforce pressure on European countries that had previously urged Iranians not to withdraw from the agreement, as Washington did. At the same time, Europe was not able to offer a new mechanism for interaction on nuclear negotiations and real economic assistance in the context of US sanctions measures. Also, the recent increase in tensions was promoted by the fact that the US accused Iran of attacking oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman, while Tehran itself denied its guilt.
In response to the Iranian threats, the United Kingdom said it was considering the possibility of restoring sanctions if Tehran violated the terms of the deal. Although while China, Russia and Europe are trying to preserve the FIDD, it will be more difficult for them to resist the pressure of Washington, which is striving to achieve a new, more advantageous agreement for itself, if Iran now refuses its obligations.
As recalled by Bloomberg, after the restoration of US sanctions throughout the year, Tehran was waiting for the actions of the partners under the agreement, but on May 8, it threatened to start gradually suspending its obligations under the UHF if no economic support was provided for it within 60 days.
According to Kamalvandi, European countries can still save the deal, but Tehran does not intend to extend the timeframe indicated by it. If Europe finds a way to help Iran maintain its access to international markets, which the United States is trying to block, Tehran has promised that it will again follow all its obligations. But Washington, in turn, is considering new sanctions measures that, in essence, will impede all the joint economic initiatives of Europe and Iran.
Kamalwandi’s statements were made after a visit to Tehran by European diplomat Helga Schmidt, who heads a joint commission dealing with nuclear transaction issues. Because of the new threats of Iran, the head of European diplomacy Federica Mogherini has already convened a meeting with the foreign ministers and the defense ministry of EU countries. The developments in Tehran are monitored by experts of the International Atomic Energy Agency, who in the case of new violations can initiate the process of restoring UN sanctions.