Since the start of the boycott in 2017, Qatar has skillfully balanced relations between Iran, Turkey and the United States.
As the conflict between Qatar and other Gulf countries intensified, Iran and Turkey sought to use the crisis around Qatar to strengthen regional influence, taking a position close to that of Doha. Since the crisis began, Iranians and Turks began to hold meetings in Ankara and Tehran. This opens up great opportunities for changing regional alliances and shifting the priorities of some countries.
Turkish companies have won contracts worth more than $ 13 billion. These are state infrastructure projects related to the preparations for the World Cup in Qatar in 2022.
Qatar’s support from Iran is due to a number of factors. Firstly, this is bilateral cooperation in various fields. So, in 2016, both countries signed an agreement allowing the Iranian armed forces to operate in the territorial waters of Qatar in the framework of the fight against smuggling and terrorism. In addition, the parties cooperate in the field of security, this is due to the fact that Qatar has influence on some Syrian armed groups.
From an economic point of view, Qatar and Iran share oil fields and are dependent on each other in this regard.
The key partnership between Qatar and the United States is centered on the Al-Udeid air base in Qatar, which houses 10,000 US troops and the advanced operations headquarters of the US Central Command. Since 2017, for Qatar, this base has become very important for its own safety.
The Qatari authorities were so interested in the US forces entering their country that they not only financed and built the base, but actually endowed it with extraterritorial jurisdiction, allowing it to function almost like a sovereign territory of the United States.
Qatar is now trying to balance between its partners. But in the event of a serious confrontation of these partners of Qatar, Doha will have to choose the side and this can lead to difficult times for the emirate.