“The message is very simple: we will never allow a terrorist state to freely buy and sell planes, missiles, and other types of weapons.” US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, said. And so, the countdown began: – 29 days, a deadline that coincides with the day of the United Nations General Assembly in September. The United States, therefore, began the procedure at the UN for the re-imposition of sanctions on Iran, the so-called ‘snapback’. US Ambassador Kelly Craft sent a letter to Indonesian Ambassador Dian Triansyah Djani, the current president of the Security Council, presenting the complaint about Tehran’s failure to comply with the 2015 nuclear deal.
The US attempt to reintroduce international sanctions against Iran is “illegitimate and criminal.” The Tehran Foreign Ministry said following the proposal presented by the administration of Donald Trump to the UN, to which Russia, China, France, Germany, and Great Britain oppose. These are the countries that, with the United States in 2015, signed the nuclear agreement with Tehran, implemented by United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231.
And it is precisely based on that agreement that Washington would now like to have the sanctions against the Islamic Republic reintroduced, accusing it of having violated that agreement. But Iran affirms that the US has no right to make such a proposal because it is no longer a “participating” country in the agreement, having exited it in 2018. For this reason, the Foreign Ministry states in a statement that the American attempt to have sanctions reintroduced is a “bad faith” move, with which the US is trying to retrace their steps. Because of their policy of ‘maximum pressure’ to overthrow the Islamic Republic or provoke a regime change in Tehran, that has failed.
Europe is opposed. The clash within the United Nations promises to be tough: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has even accused France, the United Kingdom, and Germany of having chosen to flatten their position on that of the ayatollahs in power in the Islamic Republic. As the diplomacies of Paris, London and Berlin wrote in a joint document, and as the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell also reiterated, Europeans consider it a priority to preserve that agreement, considering the only possibility of discouraging Iran from adopting of the nuclear weapon.
Tension between the US and European countries started to increase already last week when they did not vote in favor of Washington’s proposal to extend the embargo on conventional arms of Iran, which expired in October. Only two of the 15 Security Council members voted in favor of the continuation.
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